The revolutionary ideology of The Communal Democracy of Kenya (CDK)
Getting rid of the Capitalist Democracy and replacing it with
A home-made African Traditional Social Governance.
1. Capable of producing perfect social security
2. Capable of creating maximum accountability
3. Capable of creating uncorrupt governance
4. Capable of forming equality among citizens
5. Capable of creating equality in gender
6. Capable of creating secure balanced social continuation,
7. Capable of spurring the nation to maximize creativity,
8. Capable of maximizing research and high sense of morality.
The launch of a new non-military, non-violent and non-Communist Revolution out to reclaim African integrity and addresses African Renaissance
Against the present Capitalist Democracy governing Kenya:
Kenya (including all African States) at the expense of basing their government on their home-grown social governing structures, have inherited a capitalist structure of government from colonial masters to govern a community that has always been ruled by the concept of Communal Values.
No wonder that the Western Capitalist Democracy has not worked anywhere successfully in the Black Africa. This is because the Capitalist Democracy survives on:
1. individualist values
2. class values between the rich and the poor, literate and the illiterate,
the ruler and the ruled.
3. confrontation values
4. gender inequality
5. age-group inequalities
6. Warfare and capitalist competitions.
The capitalist structure will never work successfully anywhere in Africa as long as the African soul is governed by its traditional and basic values which, by all means, can only be addressed by communally based values.
Base of the Communal Values:
Whereas in the capitalist structure and democracy it is generally the “materially advantaged class” dominated by the male group, the traditional African Communalist structure is supported by three distinct pillars which are:
Adult men’s view and action
Adult Women’s view and action
Youth’s view and action.
The Capitalist Democracy is basically based on the above mentioned first group; hence Adult men’s view. That explains why, for example, the present Kenyan Parliament is predominantly a club of the adult men. The men meet there often for their own interest using the mass as their raw material, purporting to represent the Women and Youth groups, something that lays down serious burdens for both the Women and Youth groups.
In the traditional Africa, each of the three groups – Men, Women and Youth – was autonomous as well as complimentary. When adult Men were gathered together somewhere to address their issues, Women and Youth did not interfere with their function. Likewise, when Women were gathered together to address their issues, both Men and Youth did not interfere with their function. Finally, when the Youth were going about their things, they were not interfered with by both the Men and Women groups. Neither of the three groups was more equal than the other. In a way, each group was a full kingdom by its own rights.
Each group was given absolute opportunity to discuss and counter-check the other groups. They listened and criticized another equally. Women composed songs to ridicule misbehaved and irresponsible Men freely. Each of the three was seen as one of the three-legged stool which was indispensable.
This “Men-Women-and-Youth” structure in handling matters of the society is, in fact, a replica of the natural homestead social order in a family. In that family:
Both the Mother and the Children control the Father’s behaviour
Both the Father and the Children control the Mother’s behaviour.
And both the Mother and the Father control the Children’s behaviour.
In other words, in handling society matters, each of the three groups is invited equally democratically and otherwise to be the caretaker of the other.
Thus, you can conclude that each party acts as the Opposition-cum-complimentary Party of one another. They work as a team yet from different complimentary angles and strengths. If Africans have to be truly what thwey should be, therefore, in their modern governing structure, they should give each of the above three complimentary groups maximum freedom to express itself and maximize its participation.
Each of the parties of Men, Women and Youth plays an irreplaceable contribution to the wholeness of the nation. This is the base of the DGM Revolution.
Modernization of the Traditional Structure
If we translate the above traditional social structure into modern democracy to run the affairs of the community, we would end up in forming a Gender-and-Age democratic kind of governance, squarely run by three distinct Political Parties; namely:
Adult Men Political Party
Adult Women Political Party
Youth Political Party
This is the structure evidently absent in Kenya (in all African governments too) supposedly formed to be in charge of African values. It is gravely unfortunate therefore that both the Women and Youth arms of the national work-force and contribution are generally given a blind eye in our imported western style democracy. It is a structure known to create terrible psychological problems not only in Africa but in its motherland too. Is this what the African should follow at the expense of the African social order which he understands better?
Definition of Each Political Party
The Gender-and-age structure divides the community generally in three ages. Childhood, Youth and Adults. Children have no hand in running public affairs. That leaves two groups responsible for running the affairs. Youth and Adults, subdivided into male and female. We define that the Youth group is within the brackets of 18 to 25 years, hence the period of boyhood and girlhood. Their Political Parties should then read:
(a) All Men aged 25 and above should come under
The Men Political Party (MPP)
(b) All Women aged 25 and above should come under
The Women Political Party (WPP)
(c) All the Youth embracing Boys and Girls from the age 18 to 25
should come under The Youth Political Party
Before marriage Boys and Girls tend to move in a common pact and wavelength. This is why they are treated as a single unit. They have their unique vision and strength, which should be addressed. Their views should be heard, digested, sifted and included in the planning and building of any nation worth its salt. They have the right, too, to give their best contribution to the nation from the nation’s youthful mood.
Boys and Girls should act as apprentices in the national governing structure because they shall eventually take over from the governors.
We must emphasise the fact that the present capitalist democracy that Africans have inherited, has absolutely no place and productive consideration for exploiting the Youth-power. It is a democracy that leaves the fate of the Youth to the hands of the elderly class which, so frequently, takes the Youth for granted.
In Kenya (everywhere in Africa too) from Primary School to University the Youth is not listened by the government. If anything, the government acts in a manner to say the Youth should simply remain completely silent because they have no business in the government.
In the Gender-and-age Democracy, the Youth is given specially an absolute opportunity to participate in nation building. They are given opportunities to establish their own enterprises, commercial banks and other industrial joints to cater for its own special creativity on behalf of the nation.
The capitalist structure makes the Youth feel that the government doesn’t belong to them; it belongs to the elderly male Party; hence the reason why they should feel unconcerned and hostile to that government which does not recognize their rights. Yet when the government makes mistakes and disaster strikes as the aftermath, both Youth Women are not excluded from the suffering.
The DGM Revolution is, therefore, going to be a Revolution of both Women and Youth to reclaim their God-given and rightful place in national running. The irony is that, incidentally, both the Women and the Youth groups have majority of the votes. Hence, they have the unstoppable power to vote out the Capitalist Democracy in this Revolution. After all, they will be the leading beneficiaries in the new Gender-and-age Democratic governing structure.
Autonomy of the 3 Political Parties
In order for the 3 complimentary Political Parties to function in nation building and law enforcement, each Party should:
Elect its own Parliamentary and Civic representatives. Only women should elect women representatives outside men’s involvement.
Own and run its own mass communication equipment in order to empower its Party with absolute freedom of expression. The Party should control its own print and electronic media in order to express its creative and constructive abilities and encourage national dialogues.
Have its share of representation in Parliament. In a Parliament of 300 members, for example, each of the 3 Parties should bring in 100 members. The Parties shall be given equal share in the Cabinet of Ministers.
Have an independent accommodation in the Parliament, then share a common hall with the other Parties.
For Presidency, each Party will bring its best candidate. But the Youth candidate will not qualify for Presidency due to age and experience. However, he will automatically become the Minister for Youth Affairs in the new government. With the Youth candidate out of the presidential race therefore, that leaves two competitors on the field which are:
Men’s Best Presidential Candidate
Women’s Best Presidential Candidate
However, only at the Presidential election, voting according to gender and age shall be abandoned. Hence, there will be room for anyone from both sexes and ages to vote across the sex line for either the candidate. That is, if a woman feels that the men choice is better, she will be free to vote for that choice.
Apart from electing their Prime Minister for Youth Affairs, the Youth Party will also participate in electing the President because, after all, the President will be the head of the complete nation and, for that reason, they should have the right to participate in choosing that head.
The winner of the two Presidential candidates shall then become the Executive President and the Competitor shall become the Vice-President automatically.
Uniqueness of the Gender-and-age Democracy
This is the only viable structure capable of addressing:
Elimination of tribalism since it cuts across tribal groupings
Elimination of the gender chauvinism. It mandates women to give their full contribution to the nation, and utilizes women’s complete brainpower, enabling them to address their fate in the nation. If they see any need to establish their own commercial banks, court of law, and so on, to address where they feel improperly represented, their Party frees them to do so.
Elimination of class and material status chauvinism as it is a self-perpetuating democracy, which does not depend on personality cult or outside forces. An inbuilt political power base impenetrable by outside forces and one that lays down a unique opportunity for the development and establishment of a culture of political and social advancement.
Elimination of corruption of Party members being enticed and bought by other members from other Parties. Only the Youth will eventually graduate, by virtue of age, to enter the elderly Parties as either men or women.
Empowerment of each individual Party to be fully responsible and enable it to exploit fully its capabilities on behalf of the nation.
Equipping the 3 Political Parties
The DGM Revolution gives each Party full rights to:
Own and run every form of mass communication including radio and television station for maximum freedom of expression.
2. Publish the Party’s interests and values in form of books, newspapers
The above two departments of this governing structure makes it possible for the developing nation to:
Effectively eliminate the current sex discrimination in the freedom of the press.
Develop, maintain and address the soul and integrity of each Party’s values.
End the exploitation of one group by the other(s) as opposed to the capitalist structure which places both Women and Youth in seriously silenced and passive situation because they lack a political platform, tools of self expression and defence.
Instill and promote a sense of nationalism above what is offered by the capitalist system, which is susceptible to corruption and exploitation as the Gender-and-age Democracy cuts through tribal, racial and material differences.
Involves the nation’s complete brain-power in nation building where Men, Women and Youth are engaged in dialogue to take charge of the socio-economic welfare of the nation.
Gives the government a sense of continuation between the old and the young because it brings the Youth into apprenticeship with elders in preparation for the Youth’s take-over when the old guards have retired. This arrangement creates and promotes a practical and democratic culture.
Decentralization of Parliament
Adoption of the Gender-and-age Democracy establishes a Central Parliament aided by Rural Parliaments.
The Central Parliament is structured to give accommodation of convenience an autonomy to the 3 Parties and its structure has a common hall. Each Party is given its private chamber to enable it to discuss sensitive matters privately and in tune with the special mood of the Party before the resolutions of the deliberations are finally brought to the common chamber for a common debate and voting. Some specific matters are better handled independently. The accommodation of convenience, therefore, offers ideal moments for each Party to take leave if and when it is necessary, to debate or deliberate on sensitive issues which are, at the preliminary stage, best carried out separately. For example, debate on rape, polygamy, sex, age-group, divorce and so on. The separate chambers will also offer special opportunities for each Party’s soul searching without being interrupted or belittled by members of the other Parties as would otherwise happen during debates in the common hall.
The Rural Parliaments, emulating the structure of the Central Parliament, are constructed throughout the nation at village levels to be managed by villagers. Meetings of villagers at their Parliaments will get them engaged in the immediate business and security of the community. Whereby they will scrutinize the commitment of individuals within the village. Their Parliament acts as the ideal checks and balances of the people in which each Party, by the design of the policy and accommodation, is challenged to bring out its best. The structure will force the rowdy Youth of today to adopt a responsible behaviour in order not to be ridiculed in their Parliament. At the same time they will stand out critical on the behaviour of the adult in that open forum. The Rural Parliaments shall also empower Women fully to participate in governing programmes. The structure take the Government from the ivory towers and brings it to the grass root; hence making the grass root feel it belongs too.
If properly put in place, the efficiency of this structure at the village level could render the Police Force almost irrelevant in many quarters, as the community will take a role in policing itself. The freedom of speech and access to the media will maximize their productivity and participation. It is a structure people can relate to because it is founded on the base of African values.
The Rural Parliaments will act as the nerve centre of the Central Parliament, while the Parliament, too, shall act as the nerve centre of the Rural Parliament.
Rural Parliament Debates
The Capitalist Democracy is not democratic at all to the countryside villager since the villager is treated as raw material for capitalism. The villager has hardly any voice in the governing machinery. For that reason, the villager is rendered passive and marginalized critically. In the first place, the Parliament is too far from the villager both in deeds and need. The DGM Revolution
makes the government absolutely human.
It is at the village level of Parliamentary debates and deliberations where every bad element of the village will be focused and brought out for scrutiny. In every village, villagers know who is who in terms of criminals and non-criminals. They know whom to credit and whom to discredit. They know who should be in charge and who should not be in charge.
The Village Parliament will make it possible for the citizens to take complete control of both the welfare and safety of their homes and environment. Each Party, with the benefit of accommodation of convenience, takes care of its own lot even in keeping discipline as was done in the traditional village. The Youth, for example, will be quick to say: Let us show these elders that we are not as stupid as they claim. That is, they will adopt a pattern of behaviour to challenge elders to take stock of their own public images too. It will be for the 3 Parties to compete in the exercise of discipline and also in working harder to earn credit from the other Parties.
The Rural Parliament will enforce both the village security and discipline since each group is encouraged to take responsibility. All the government leaders assigned to work in the village are answerable to that Parliament where all the village eyes are set free to work for the benefit of the village. The Chief, who used to exercise corrupt deals and get away with it because he is not seen by the authorities, will have no more room for those deals. Anyone arrested from the village and taken to court will find it impossible to buy back his freedom.
Applied nation-wide the Rural Parliaments will make it possible for the nation to wipe out every manner of crime and set people to walk safely in every neighbourhood. Development projects will be supervised and speeded up by the villagers because the projects relate to the needs of the villagers.
In the present capitalist structure some Rural Teachers, away from, authorities, have been known to take advantage of mishandling students. Bringing the Youth on board of the governing machinery would bring perfect discipline for such teachers since they know they are subjected to an authority looking at him directly.
Saving Government Spending: we have to emphasize that, since the this communal social order would almost eliminate the need for Police Force in keeping the security of the nation; that move, too, would make the government save the incredible funds commonly spent on deploying Police Force to safeguard the nation. The amount of money spent on prisons and buying defence arms would be incredible, just to mention a few of the many benefits the nation would have in putting the Democracy in place. The structure would have far reaching results in healing the nation psychologically.
Putting the Rural Parliaments in place will also bridge communication gaps and promote dialogue between the top and bottom organs of the society; and will create a strong bridge between the rich and the poor because the national interests, security and development of their environment will bring the rich and the poor to a common debate.
In traditional Africa the Clan played a crucial role in the maintenance of the social order. Each Clan, within the tribe, was a stakeholder in the affairs of the complete tribe and the existence of that tribe within other tribes.
In the DGM Revolution, tribes within the nation have replaced the Clan. That is, tribes have become the new Clans and the Revolution has created new Parliamentary seats for special key figures from each individual tribe. Each tribe, small or big, shall have the mandate to elect its Chief to take advisory position representing the cross-section of the tribe’s cultural interests in the Parliament. That shall be in order to give the nation instant cultural reference; hence, a Kikuyu, Luo, Kamba, Luyha, Giriama, Kalenjin, Asian, Digo etc Chief for each tribe. This placing invites the nation’s full cultural mood to the central stage and gives each community a strong sense of belonging. Given full audience, the diversity of the nation’s cultural roots can only give the nation pride and make it richer.
In the Capitalist Democracy only the main tribes are recognized but simply because of their loud participation in the political mainstream. The only time the cultural diversity is honoured is during national celebrations where each tribe’s style of music and dance are given audience. But behind that music and dance there are other suppressed valuable cultural gifts.
The Chiefs shall have limited powers and financial allowances and will act only as backbenchers, listeners and observers during parliamentary debates and deliberations.
ELIMINATION OF CORRUPTION, INSECURITY AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Corruption is an immoral or dishonest practice of offering and accepting bribes for receiving service. It can come in form of money or material things. One of the main pillars of corruption is the monopoly of a small class of persons in positions of power. For, he who has both the knife and the yam, goes a Nigerian proverb, decides what fraction of that yam he should give to whom.
Other pillars of corruption are opportunism, lack of nationalist commitment, selfish motives, exploitation of the weak by the strong, love and race for material gains and collapse of the code of general conduct in public affairs.
The nobility of the Gender-and-age Democracy is that it is non-materialistic and it is structured tuned against corruption. It is not a factory manufactured social order but a natural force best suited for serving human beings at the lowest cost. That sets the DGM Revolution in a positive motion to eliminate both the economic and moral corruption in:
Putting in place effective checks and balances through the involvement of the whole governing machinery.
Breaking the power monopoly of the few in the nation.
Disciplining and punishing all corrupt people.
Creation of equal distribution of the nation’s wealth.
Closing all corruption loopholes through the application of law and order.
Popularizing a sense of nationalism, communalism and professionalism.
Creating and promoting a nation governed by honesty.
Undermining every degree of tribalism, nepotism, racism and sex discrimination.
Introduction of a strict code of conduct for all persons in positions of leadership and responsibility.
One of the key promoters of national insecurity is lack of employment. Employment itself is a form of security and lack of it creates poverty which, in turn, demoralizes the human spirit and challenges the victim to engage in immoral practices. Lack of occupation to keep the mind busy also entices adventurous and insecure actions, as the saying goes that an idle mind is the devil’s workshop. Irresponsibility on the part of persons in charge of security endangers security too. So is unprofessional behaviour powered by tribalism, nepotism, racism and sabotage.
The Revolution shall take the following measures in order to eliminate the above negative practices:
Everybody in the nation shall be kept busy with employment. Being idle when there is something to be done shall be punishable.
Promote a sense of nationalism and patriotism in every citizen
Put into force an aggressive emphasis on law and order in punishing criminals and making them fear doing wrong things.
Creation and maintenance of a responsible government which can be trusted and respected by citizens.
Involvement of every citizen, old and young, in being the watchdog of the community and participate in active maintenance of law and order.
Removing all fears of being victimized by authorities because of criticizing them. This will open up all minds to speak up on any critical issue; hence bringing dangers into light before its too late to act.
The heaviest duty of the DGM Revolution rests on elimination of unemployment and idleness from the nation. A number of forces contribute to unemployment. In the lead of those forces, of course, lack of employment in the nation has something to do with the government having not enough funds to employ people. But lack of creativity in the government machinery is also a big causer of unemployment.
All occupations in this world are basically matters of human creation. The mind is inexhaustible in creativity. Failure to exploit it promotes poverty and idleness. A government that cannot give full employment to its citizens is not worth being a government. Laziness and weakness in the government to create and exploit its human resources is responsible for unemployment and insecurity. Also the government’s mismanagement and engagement in the extravagant spending of resources by its officials who delight in luxury and high life styles, and the government’s engagement in letting some of the nation’s valuable manpower agents being left to waste away while the government engages in too high profile enterprises and white-elephant projects which drain the resources – all those are responsible for the government’s lack of creativity, which creates poverty and undermines the credibility of the government.
Failure to free the nation from the consumer-society syndrome of imported expensive commodities instead of making the nation self-reliant, leaves too many hands and minds of the nation unemployed.
In order to address the above mentions shortcomings and the other unmentioned ones, the Revolution shall put the following practical operations in full force:
Intensify the use of every mechanism in and outside the nation to create jobs in every field.
Adopt a full-swing exploitation of the nation’s power of creativity along African based directions and endeavours in the effort to come up with jobs which shall produce enough for both local consumption and export market.
Maximize land utility by using every traditional and modern scientific method to make that land productive.
All arid and eroded land shall be reclaimed.
Every idle land owned by individual persons and companies shall be taxed in order to raise government funds and challenge the owners to engage that land in full productive use.
Both the Prison and Army Forces shall be engaged in national construction of dams, roads, aforestation and so on.
Intensive investment in water and aforestation industries shall be undertaken, using every joint of the community including schools and religious organizations.
The nation shall engage in the development and maintenance of perfect environmental conditions.
Encourage and train a national brainpower bank through offering special material benefits to give specially active participation an incentive. This shall frustrate the current brain drain affecting the nation. It will make the nation richer in the ability to exploit every corner of national resources.
Stage aggressive publishing industry and reading culture to develop the nation culturally. This will also create more jobs in the publishing industry.
Put in full gear the exploitation of the Gender-and-age economic modes where each group shall be given key positions in decision making according to its natural gifts.
Set up special commercial banks for Women Entrepreneurs.
Establish special commercial banks for Youth Entrepreneurs.
Stop forthwith government spending on unnecessary engagements in order to give priority to economically viable projects.
Help africanize technology
Give entrepreneurs incentive by offering them special credits, allowances and prices; hence giving attractive cultural prizes
Take an aggressive promotion of African cultural roots.
Export nation’s surplus brain power to other countries to take up jobs for which they are qualified.
Make the country industrious all-round
Special Support for Entrepreneurs
The nation has some fast growing labour intensive and special public projects which, if fully funded and promoted, could spring up to be economic giants in both production and employment.
The Revolution shall form a Special Committee to study, select and recommend entrepreneurs for special government support.
Many African states have tended to remain contented with the lesser skilled home-grown enterprises such as agricultural and general servicing businesses at the expense of the lucrative manufacturing sector which has been left to the monopoly of foreign investors. This trend should be stopped or gravely frustrated by introducing aggressive mood of creating and manufacturing in every kind of industry.
Some of the existing companies with capacity for expansion shall be helped to diversify manufacturing.
New companies will be registered based on research and funded to be run by professionals. Research programmes shall be adequately funded to help the nation become more inventive.
Cutting down on transport expenses
The budget spent on the motor sector is staggering and too unfair for an ailing economy in a developing country. This is in the importation of motorcars, spare parts not to mention the cost of the fuel to run those transport machines.
The Revolution is offering an alternative transport without affecting the means of smooth transportation. This shall effected by the restructuring of urban roads and paths to give absolute safety to the bicycle transport for daily workers and public as a whole. The restructuring shall make it possible for office workers and public movements in general to ride to and fro their destinations absolutely free from the horror of being knocked down by motorists. This shall invite to the nation a cheap and reasonable means of traveling and benefit the nation tremendously in:
Reducing the number of motorcars on the road by nearly one third; hence saving the money spent on importing the redundant motorcars and maintaining them.
The safe bicycle pathways shall give school children cheaper, healthier and freer transport means.
The bicycle, as one of the popular transport means in towns and countryside, shall offer and alternative choice to citizens who would otherwise spend their most precious earnings and savings on buying cars. The saved money would fund other important family projects.
The motorcar ownership has developed a too expensive culture of feeling that, in order to be somebody, you must own a car. Introduction and promotion of the bicycle culture in which even executives, professors and important nations would often be seen enjoying bicycle rides would psychologically have a healing effect which, in turn, would undermine the car-mania culture and encourage a sane society in saving and spending.
Introduction of the bicycle as a complimentary transport means would also promote and boost the bicycle industry and create many new jobs.
The money saved by the government from the reduction of the motorcar transport importation expenses would enable the government to fund many new projects and ventures for the creation of more jobs and industrial development inspirations.